Given the ratio of male superheroes to female superheroes, I think super speed closely matches that ratio. DC universe may skew a little male for super speed, but I think that is a result of the fact that the “Flash family” was expanded (a lot) primarily before comic book writers were making efforts to include female heroes in comic books. Admittedly, the only three speedsters I can name in Marvel are also male, but one is homosexual, which definitely had the stigma of feminine when the character was created.
As for the other part of the question, I do think some powers definitely skew female. Psychic powers, for example, are primarily female, at least in Marvel. Professor X is the obvious big exception, but beyond that, I have trouble naming male psychics. Strife (not Cable due to technovirus) and Jason Wingarde are the only two that come to mind and the latter was turned female in later comics. As for women, Psylocke, Jean Grey (and clone), Emma Frost, Sage, the Cuckoos, etc.
(Out of curiosity, how would you count Vixen? She often turns on super speed, but doesn’t have it innately.)